Country Update: Vietnam



Vietnam is currently CLOSED to intercountry adoptions.



Motivated by concerns that birth parents were being financially induced to relinquish their children, in January of 2003, the Government of Vietnam promulgated a new adoption law. Under this law, only countries with which the Vietnamese have a bilateral agreement are allowed to receive adopted children. After two and a half years of sometimes intense negotiation, the U.S. and the Government of Vietnam entered into an agreement (June 21, 2005). Over the course of next 28 months (January 2006 to April 2008), 1403 orphans adopted from Vietnam were issued visas to the United States.


The original Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) between the US and Vietnam expired in September 2008, after representatives from both governments were unable to reach a new agreement. U.S. State Department continues to stress examples of fraud and abuse in the current system and maintain that moving to a Hague system is the only way to satisfactorily address the need for reform. Among the irregularities cited by State Department are: forged or fraudulent birth or death records, unpublished payments to orphanage directors from adoption service providers, coercion or payment of birth parents and the offering of children for adoption without birth parent knowledge or consent.


On June 25, 2008, Vietnamese Prime Minister Dung and President Bush issued a joint Statement in which they expressed a shared interest in continued cooperation with intercountry adoption:


The President expressed his commitment to continue the development of intercountry adoption cooperation between the United States and Vietnam that ensures the best interests of the child, respects his or her fundamental rights, and prevents the abduction and trafficking of children. The Prime Minister underscored that Vietnam shares these goals and stressed that Vietnam will speed up preparations for an early accession to the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoptions. The Prime Minister also welcomed U.S. technical assistance in facilitating this step.
(From the USA-Vietnam Joint Statement)





October 25, 2013 Notice: Children Adopted From Vietnam Before July 1, 2009 Must Register with the Government of Vietnam to Retain Vietnamese Citizenship.

September 17, 2013 Notice: Vietnam's Department of Adoptions Issues Further Guidance for U.S. Convention-Accredited Adoption Service Providers

July 22, 2013 Vietnam's Department Of Adoptions is Accepting Applications From U.S. Hague-Accredited Adoption Service Providers Wishing To Facilitate Adoptions In Vietnam Under A Limited Intercountry Adoption Program


February 1, 2012 - Notice: U.S. Department of State to Delay Resuming Adoptions in Vietnam

November 10, 2011 - Notice: Vietnam Ratifies the Hague Adoption Convention

June 2011 - Notice: Vietnam Adoption Notice

July 28, 2010 - Vietnam Adoption Notice



January 15, 2009 - Congressional Letter to Vietnam Prime Minister

July 7, 2008 - Congressional Letter to Secretary Rice



All of the information listed below is from the following source:
Vietnam Web Page, U.S. Department of State, Office of Children's Issues

Number of Adoptions to the U.S.

Fiscal Year Number
FY 2013 0
FY 2012 0
FY 2011 0
FY 2010 9
FY 2009 481
FY 2008 748
FY 2007 828
FY 2006 163
FY 2005 7
FY 2004 21

Hague Country: Yes (Not a U.S. Hague Partner)

Adoption Authority: Ministry of Justice’s Department of Child Adoptions (DCA)